Mineral Wells, Texas
Mineral Wells, Texas
Downtown Mineral Wells, Texas
Location within Palo Pinto County
|Counties||Palo Pinto, Parker|
|• City Council||Mayor Tammy Underwood |
Beth Henary Watson
|• City Manager||Randy Criswell|
|• Total||21.16 sq mi (54.79 km2)|
|• Land||20.40 sq mi (52.83 km2)|
|• Water||0.76 sq mi (1.96 km2)|
|Elevation||883 ft (269 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||745.77/sq mi (287.95/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−06:00 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1341714|
Mineral Wells is a city in Palo Pinto and Parker Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 16,788 at the 2010 census (14,644 in Palo Pinto and 2144 in Parker). The city is named for mineral springs in the area, which were highly popular in the early 1900s.
In 1919, Mineral Wells hosted the spring training camp for the Chicago White Sox, the year of the famous "Black Sox" scandal involving "Shoeless" Joe Jackson. Mineral Wells also hosted spring training for the Cincinnati Reds and St. Louis Cardinals in the 1910s and early 1920s. The baseball field was located in the center of town where a shopping center now sits.
In 1952, Mineral Wells was the host of the Republican state convention in which delegates divided between presidential candidates Dwight D. Eisenhower and Senator Robert A. Taft. Though state chairman Orville Bullington of Wichita Falls led the Taft forces, the convention vote ultimately went 33-5 in favor of Eisenhower, who was thereafter nominated and elected.
Mineral Wells is most famous for its Baker Hotel. Mineral Wells also hosts a variety of purportedly paranormal hauntings and ghost tours including the Baker Hotel, the Crazy Water Hotel, and the Haunted Hill House.
The "Crazy Well" was so named after the symptoms of a woman with mental illness were observed to improve after drinking the water for an extended period. Cures for a variety of other illnesses have been attributed to the "Crazy Water", but not supported by scientific evidence. One medical historian noted that lithium is present in trace amounts in many Texas wells, and is also currently used as a treatment for depression.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.2 square miles (54.9 km2), of which 20.5 square miles (53.0 km2) of it are land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km2) of it (3.45%) is covered by water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 16,946 people, 5,707 households, and 3,857 were families residing in the city. The population density was 828.6 people per square mile (319.9/km2). The 6,386 housing units averaged 312.2 per square mile (120.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.69% White, 8.77% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 10.51% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 19.27% of the population.
Of the 5,707 households, 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were not families. About 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56, and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city, the age distribution was 24.1% under 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 120.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,233, and for a family was $33,765. Males had a median income of $29,074 versus $18,633 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,336. About 16.6% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.2% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen climate classification describes the weather as humid subtropical, and uses the code Cfa.
|Climate data for Mineral Wells, Texas|
|Average high °F (°C)||57
|Average low °F (°C)||33
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.6
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDJC) operates the Mineral Wells District Parole Office in Mineral Wells. The Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) operated the Mineral Wells Pre-Parole Transfer Facility in the Fort Wolters Industrial Park on behalf of the TDCJ. It closed in August 2013. The correctional facility, which had been operated by CCA since 1995, is located on the property of the former Fort Wolters in Palo Pinto County and in Mineral Wells. It can house up to 2,100 prisoners. As of March 2013, its annual payroll was $11.7 million, and it was among the largest employers in Mineral Wells, with about 300 employees. On Monday March 4, 2013, the Texas Senate Senate Finance Committee voted 11-4 to close the correctional facility. Mike Allen, the mayor of Mineral Wells, criticized the closure, saying, "We'll lose right at over 300 jobs, and 300 jobs in a community of 17,000 ... is devastating. This means a lot to this community." John Whitmire, the head of the Texas Senate Criminal Justice Committee, said, "We're sitting on about 12,000 empty [prison] beds, so it just makes good business sense ... that we not operate it, and we take those savings and plow them back into additional public-safety programs."
Mineral Wells is served by the Mineral Wells Independent School District, and by the Community Christian School.
Weatherford College operates a branch campus on the old Fort Wolters facility.
- Barbara H. Bowman, geneticist
- Adrian Colbert, NFL football player for the Miami Dolphins
- Alvin Garrett, NFL football player and Super Bowl champion
- Dan Herbeck, journalist for The Buffalo News; co-author of American Terrorist, best-seller biography of Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh
- Millie Hughes-Fulford, American medical investigator, molecular biologist and former NASA astronaut who flew aboard a NASA Space Shuttle mission as a Payload Specialist
- Shane McAnally, singer-songwriter and record producer
- Alvy Ray Smith (born 8 September 1943), noted pioneer in computer graphics
- Amanda Shires, singer songwriter
- James Vick, UFC lightweight
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Crazy Water History
-  The History Of Lithium] (starting around 15:00)
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Climate Summary for Mineral Wells, Texas
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on September 8, 2013.
- "Parole Division Region II Archived 2011-08-20 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Mineral Wells (T2)." (Archive) Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on March 22, 2013.
- Montgomery, Dave. "Lawmakers look to close private prison in Mineral Wells." Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Tuesday March 5, 2013. Retrieved on March 22, 2013.
- "Post Office Location - MINERAL WELLS Archived 2012-06-09 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
- City of Mineral Wells
- Mineral Wells Chamber of Commerce
- Historic Mineral Wells materials
- Mineral Wells City Directories, 1909 and 1920
- A Pictorial History of Fort Wolters
- Historic Mineral Wells postcards and photographs
- Mineral Wells Guide
- Mineral Wells Fossil Park, Palo Pinto County, Texas.
- Mineral Wells Fossil Park, Palo Pinto County, Texas, Dec. 22, 2005.