Church of Sotkamo
Location of Sotkamo in Finland
|• Municipality manager||Mika Kilpeläinen|
|• Total||2,951.86 km2 (1,139.72 sq mi)|
|• Land||2,649.50 km2 (1,022.98 sq mi)|
|• Water||302.61 km2 (116.84 sq mi)|
|Area rank||20th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||95th largest in Finland|
|• Density||3.89/km2 (10.1/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98.6% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.9%|
|• 15 to 64||58%|
|• 65 or older||27.1%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||19.75%|
Sotkamo is a municipality of Finland, located in the Kainuu region about 40 kilometres (25 mi) east of Kajaani, the capital of Kainuu. Vuokatti, in west of Sotkamo, is the most populous village in the municipality and also a popular skiing resort. The Hiidenportti National Park is located in the municipality.
In sports, Sotkamo is known for its Finnish baseball team, Sotkamon Jymy.
One of the major landmarks of Sotkamo is the sandy beach of Hiukka, which locates by the lake Iso Sapsojärvi, just beside the Sotkamo center. In Vuokatti ski center you can find the lake Nuasjärvi and the Vuokatti Hill.
Sotkamo has grown beside a water route formed by a continuous band of lakes and rivers. The waters of the Sotkamo route run through Kajaaninjoki into Oulujärvi and finally to the Baltic Sea, but in the past the waterways also created an important commercial route to White Sea in the east. The same water route has been used by soldiers of Russia, Sweden and Denmark to rob and ravage this remote countryside for centuries. The name Sotkamo comes either from the Finnish word "sotku" which means a mess and refers to the obscure water route, or from the word "sotka" which was a general name for water birds in ancient Finnish and now designates the common goldeneye.
On November 17, 2007 first pictures of the Kern arc were made in the town of Sotkamo by Marko Mikkilä.
Delimitation and population
The municipality has a population of 10,301 (31 March 2021) and covers an area of 2,951.86 square kilometres (1,139.72 sq mi) of which 302.61 km2 (116.84 sq mi) is water. The population density is 3.89 inhabitants per square kilometre (10.1/sq mi).
Alasotkamo, Heinämäki, Halmetvaara, Jormaskylä, Juholankylä, Korholanmäki, Kontinjoki, Laakajärvi, Losovaara, Naapurinvaara, Nuasjärvi, Ontojoki, Paakinmäki, Pohjavaara, Riekinranta, Sipinen, Sipola, Soidinvaara, Sumsa, Suovaara, Tipasoja, Torinkylä, Tuhkakylä, Vuokatti, Ylisotkamo, Ärväänkylä, Maanselkä.
Beside tourism, mining is important for the economy of Sotkamo. One of the largest nickel deposits in Europe is located in Talvivaara where the Talvivaara Mining Company started its operation in late 2008. Also Mondo Minerals mines talc in Lahnaslampi.
Famous people from Sotkamo
- Anders Chydenius (1729–1803), Lutheran priest and a member of the Swedish Riksdag
- Kalle Arantola (1913–1940), skier
- Veikko Huovinen (1927–2009), author and forester
- Pirjo Häggman (born 1951), sprinter
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
Media related to Sotkamo at Wikimedia Commons
- Municipality of Sotkamo – Official website